The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of two ligaments inside the knee that contribute to the stability of the knee joint, preventing forward movement of the tibia (shin bone) and providing some rotational (twisting) stability.
The Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) is the other ligament, and is injured much more rarely.
Sprains and tears of the ACL are one of the most common knee injuries sustained in sports and are usually seen in high demand sports such as all codes of football, basketball, and skiing, but they can occur in all sports.
Some of the ways in which they can occur are:
- rapid change of direction
- suddenly stopping or slowing down when running
- landing from a jump awkwardly
- direct contact, such as in a tackle
Diagnosis of an ACL injury is on the basis of the mechanism of injury and clinical examination. X-rays are useful to rule out an associated bony injury such as a fracture. MRI scans are not usually necessary, but can be helpful.
Management of ACL injuries requires specialist knowledge, from determining if surgery is necessary, to what type of reconstruction suits your particular demand. The Clinic works closely with local surgeons who are skilled in the most up-to-date management of knee ligament injuries, and can help guide you through this stressful time.
We can then direct the injury rehabilitation process to ensure that you return to your desired level of activity safely and in a timely fashion.
For comprehensive ACL injury rehabilitation, diagnosis & management contact us at The Crossbones Clinic Newcastle.